Russia is Building the World’s First Catamaran Aircraft Carrier. That’s a Big Deal—Here’s Why.
Russia’s light aircraft carrier will feature a semi-catamaran hull, a representative of the Krylov Scientific Center told Russian news agency TASS (see the translation and a model of the design here).
“The project is distinguished by the underwater part of a semi-catamaran form,” he said. “Catamaran actually means two hulls united by a platform. It has a wide deck which is important for an aircraft carrier. The design adds flight deck space on which the number of aircraft depends. As a result, a medium-displacement ship can carry a full-fledged air wing.”
“The essence of the carrier is below the waterline,” he added.
The light carrier will displace about 40,000 to 45,000 tons, according to TASS. That’s less than half the displacement of a U.S. Ford-class carrier.
It will be about 1,000-feet long, with a maximum speed of 28 knots using gas-turbine propulsion and an at-sea endurance of 60 days.
The vessel will carry an air wing of 24 to 28 Su-33 and MiG-29K), four airborne early warning aircraft and about a dozen Ka-27 helicopters. Again, that’s about half the air complement of a U.S. aircraft carrier.
The ship will be armed with Pantsir-ME anti-aircraft missiles, as well as anti-submarine weapons and electronic warfare equipment.
TASS describes the light carrier’s mission as maintaining “combat sustainability of navy forces and groups in blue and green [coastal] waters by providing air and missile defense and destroying air, surface, underwater and coastal targets.”
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