Why Jordan Is Buying F-16s That Are Far More Expensive Than F-35s

Why Jordan Is Buying F-16s That Are Far More Expensive Than F-35s
A U.S. Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcon and four F-35A Lightning IIs assigned to the 34th Expeditionary Fighter Squadron Hill Air Force Base, Utah, taxi toward the end of the runway during exercise VIGILANT ACE 18, Dec. 3, 2017, at Kunsan Air Base, Republic of Korea. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Colby L. Hardin)

Jordan’s royal air force has signed a multibillion-dollar agreement with the US to buy new F-16s that are far more expensive than F-35s.

As announced by the armed forces’ official website, the deal was signed Thursday by Royal Air Force Commander Brigadier General Pilot Muhammad Fathi Hiasat and US Deputy Chief of Mission in Amman Rohit Nepal.

In February 2022, the US State Department approved the sale of 12 F-16 fighter jets with an estimated cost of $4.21 billion — a deal that also included radios, targeting pods, and associated munitions components like guided missile tail kits. But the number of fighters was reduced to eight in a letter of acceptance signed by Maj. Gen. Yousef Al-Hnaity, chief of the Jordanian armed forces, and Brig. Gen.

The contract of modernized fourth-generation fighter jets has been at the center of major controversy due to the extraordinarily high price being paid for the aircraft. Twelve F-16s are being acquired for $4.21 billion – meaning each airframe will cost a little over $350 million.

The cost has been considered extortionately high not only when compared to other purchases of F-16s in the same Block 70/72 configuration abroad, but also compared to much higher-end and more modern fighter classes, with the F-16 being marketed as a low cost aircraft for clients unable to afford its new fifth generation successor the F-35.

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Taiwan, for example, in 2019 contracted 66 F-16 Block 70/72 airframes under an $8.1 billion contract – meaning it paid $125 million per airframe or just over one-third as much per airframe as Jordan did for the very same aircraft. The cost of Jordan’s F-16 acquisition has appeared even more unusual when comparing it to the F-35, which is not only around 60 percent larger but also technologically three decades ahead with cutting-edge stealth capabilities and an engine that puts out 46 percent more thrust.

Looking at similar contracts for the export of F-35s with associated parts, armaments, maintenance tools, and training, Jordan is shown to be paying far more for last-generation fighters than other countries are paying for the latest stealth jets. In 2020 Polish Defence Minister Mariusz Blaszczak signed a $4.6 billion contract worth $4.6 billion for the acquisition of 32 F-35As from the United States, for a price of $143.75 million per aircraft.

Polish F-35s thus cost just 41 percent as much as Jordanian F-16s – and for the same contract value, approximately 30 F-35As could have been acquired instead of the 12 F-16s.

Finland two years later in 2022 signed a contract to purchase 64 F-35As for $9.4 billion, for a unit cost of $146.88 million per airframe, placing the cost at 42 percent that of Jordan’s F-16s.

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The difference is even more significant considering that Jordan has already operated F-16s for decades, with 47 currently in service, meaning the transition and investments in weapons, training, and maintenance infrastructure should be considerably lower than those for countries introducing an entirely new fighter class as Poland and Finland are with the F-35.

Jordan’s acquisition is far from isolated among major fighter purchases by Arab states, which have often come with highly unusual price tags. The most notable recent example was Kuwait’s acquisition of 28 Eurofighters for $321 million each, which sparked considerable controversy in the country and led to serious questions being raised by the country’s parliament.

The Jordanian case is more unusual still, since not only is the F-16 a much older and lighter aircraft than the Eurofighter, and one with a single rather than twin-engine configuration, but it is also an aircraft produced on a much larger scale and by a defense sector which has consistently provided lower prices and higher efficiency than its European rivals.

The fact that Jordan’s F-16s are the most costly fighters ever exported, while also being the lowest-end Western fighters in production today, is highly irregular and has raised widespread speculation of very substantial state corruption to more than triple the cost of the lightweight American jets.

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