In the below video, you can see Paratroopers from the 82nd and 101st Airborne Division perform static line jumps from C-17 Globemaster III aircraft over Sicily Drop Zone at Fort Bragg, North Carolina.
What is a Static line jump?
A static line is a fixed cord attached to a large, stable object. It is used to open parachutes automatically for paratroopers and novice parachutists.
A static line is a cord attached at one end to the aircraft and at the other end to the top of the jumper’s ‘D-Bag’
The parachutist’s fall from the aircraft causes the static line to become taut
This then pulls the D-Bag out of the container on the jumper’s back.
The static line and D-Bag stay with the aircraft as the jumper leaves and is pulled back into the aircraft by the dispatcher.
In addition Now free of its D-Bag, the canopy is allowed to inflate as the jumper continues to fall.
Effectively, the jumper drags the parachute behind him, causing the upward-rushing wind to force open and inflate the canopy.
Furthermore, The canopy should inflate and begin supporting the jumper within 4 seconds.
In the unlikely event of a malfunction, students are taught how to cut away the main canopy and deploy the reserve chute.
The aim of static line progression is to train students to maintain the correct
stable body position upon exiting the aircraft, and to teach how to deploy the canopy via the pilot chute mechanism.
As mentioned above the parachutist must adopt and maintain a stable body position throughout the deployment to minimize the chances of a parachute malfunction.
This method of parachute deployment is commonly used in several ways:
Static line jumping carries the risk of injury that, according to one study, doubles when performed in combat.
In addition For training students in civilian operations, modifications to existing static line equipment may be made to simplify operations.
one such modification is to attach the deployment bag to the parachute instead of the static line
which also requires some modification to allow the static line to detach, typically a Velcro fastener.
This leaves much less material “in the wind” behind the plane after the jumper has left.
This isn’t a problem for larger cargo aircraft used in military jumping but presents a major issue for smaller aircraft used in civilian operations.
Furthermore, This modification also results in a somewhat slower opening
which softens the opening shock at the cost of altitude, a minor concern for jumpers exiting at 2,800 ft .